University of Southern Indiana

Scholarship

Books

Bower, G. G. (2009).  A guide to field experiences and careers in sport and physical activity.  Deer Park, New York: Linus Publications.

Hums, M. A., Bower, G. G., & Grappendorf, H. (2007).  Women as Leaders in Sport: Impact and Influence. Oxon Hill, MD: AAHPERD Publications.

 

Book Chapters

Frimming, R. & Bower, G. G. (2013). Afterschool snack programs. Encyclopedia of SchoolHealth. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Polsgrove, J., Frimming, R., & Bower, G. G. (2012). Promoting physical education and health education activity through technology and social media. In Sanders, S. & Witherspoon. L. (Eds), Contemporary uses of technology in K-12 physical education: Policy, practice, and advocacy.Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.

Bower, G. G. (2010). Women as leaders in sports education. Gender and Women’s Leadership.  Thousand Oaks, CA:  Sage Publications.

Bower, G. G. (2007) Campus recreation.  In Hums, M. A., Bower, G. G., & Grappendorf, H. (2007). Women as Leaders in Sport: Impact and Influence (pp. 115-136). Oxon Hill, MD: AAHPERD Publications.

Bower, G. G. & Coffee, K. (2007). Health and Fitness. In Hums, M. A., Bower, G. G. & Grappendorf, H. (2007). Women as Leaders in Sport: Impact and Influence (pp. 137-158).  Oxon Hill, MD: AAHPERD Publications.

 

Refereed Publications

Bower, G. G., & Hums, M. A., & Grappendorf, H. (2015). Same story; Different day:Greatest Challenges of women working in intercollegiate athletic administration. International Journal of Sport Management, Recreation, and Tourism, 19.

Hambrick, M.E., Hums, M.A., Bower, G.G., & Wolff, E.A. (2015). Elite athlete attitudes toward technology and innovation in the sporting goods industry. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 32(1), 1-18.

Bower, G. G., & Hums, M. A. (2014). Examining the mentoring relationship of womenworking within intercollegiate athletic administration. Mentoring and Tutoring Journal, 22(1), 4-19.

Yiamouyiannis, A., Bower, G., Williams, J., Gentile, D., & Aldermann, H. (2013). Sport management education: Accreditation, accountability, and direct learning outcome assessments. Sport Management Education Journal, 7(1), 51-59.

Bower, G. G., & Hums, M.A. (2013). The impact of Title IX on male and female athleticdirectors. Journal of Intercollegiate Sport, 6(1), 213-230.

Bower, G. G., & Hums, M.A. (2013). Career paths of women working in leadership positions with intercollegiate athletics. Advancing Women in Leadership Journal, 33(1), 1-14.

Frimming, R., & Bower, G. G., & Choi, C, (2013). Examination of a health science course: Face-to-face classroom compared to online hybrid instruction.  The Physical Educator, 70(4), 359-373.

Bower, G. G., Timmis, B., Frimming, R., & Moss, C. (2013). SMART: An advocacy program to fight childhood obesity.  Indiana Association for Health, Physical Education,        Recreation, and Dance Journal, 42(1), 26-28.

Bower, G. G. (2013) Utilizing Kolb’s Experiential Learning Theory to implement a golf scramble. International Journal of Sport Management, Recreation, and Tourism, 12(1), 29-56.

Bower, G. G., Frimming, R., & McCullough, J. (2012). An experiential learning experience that fights childhood obesity: The implementation of the SMART fitness, sport, and nutrition summer camp. Indiana Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance Journal, 42(1), 359-373.

Bower, G. G. (2012). The development of a sport management club: An experiential learning project. Indiana Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance Journal, 41(1), 12-16.

Bower, G. G. (2012). Gender and Mentoring: A Strategy for Women to Obtain Full Professor. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance – Viewpoints Special Section, 83(2), 6-7.

Bower, G. G. (2011). Experiential classroom learning: Preparing students for a sport event management experience. Indiana Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance Journal, 40(3), 29-34.

Frimming, R., Polsgrove, J., & Bower, G. G. (2011).  Evaluation of a health and fitness social media experience. American Journal of Health Education, 42(4), 222-227.

Bower, G. G. (2011). The examination of the mentoring relationship between the head coach and assistant coach of women’s basketball teams. Advancing Women in  Leadership Journal, 31(1), 1-7.

Bower, G. G., & Bennett, S. (2010). The examination of benefits and barriers to mentoring: Perspectives from assistant women basketball coaches. Indiana Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance Journal, 40(1), 26-32.

Bower, G. G., & Bennett, S. (2010). Examining women’s coaching desires: Perspectives from assistant women basketball coaches. Indiana Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance Journal, 39(3), 22-29.

Bower, G. G. (2009). Effective mentoring relationships with women in sport:  Results of a Meta-Ethnography, 1990-2008 [Electronic version] Advancing Women in Leadership Journal, 29(3), http://advancingwomen.com/awl/awl_wordpress/

Bower, G. G. & Bennett, S. (2009). The examination of the advantages of a mentoring relationship during a metadiscrete physical education field experience. ICHPER-SD Journal of Research, 4(2), 19-25.

Bower, G. G. & Hums, G. (2009). Mentoring women within international physical education departments. Women in Sport and Physical Activity Journal, 18(2), 3-13.

Bower, G. G. (2009).  The effect of group mentoring initiatives offered through the NAGWS and career outcomes for women in sport.  Women in Sports and Physical Activity Journal, 18(2) 80-84.

Bower, G. G., Bennett, S., & Frimming, R. (2009). Connect the SMART way: Implementing a youth fitness and nutrition program (reprint). Illinois Journal of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance, 64, 23-29.

Bower, G. G., Bennett, S. & Frimming, R. (2009). Connect the SMART way: Implementing a youth fitness and nutrition program. Indiana Health, Physical Education, Recreation, & dance (IAHPERD) Journal, 38(2), 11-14.

Bower, G. G. (2008). Mentor Functions and outcomes:  Advancing women within leadership positions within the health and fitness industry. [Electronic version] Advancing Women in Leadership Journal, 28, http://advancingwomen.com/awl/awl_wordpress/ Degere, B., Wright, J., Marcum, P.,

Bower, G. G., Nguyen, N., Kamla, J., Barnd, S. & Christenson, B. (2008). Ideas Exchange: Mentoring new teachers. Strategies, 22(1), 5-10.

Leung, R., Pak-Kwong, C. & Bower, G. G. (2008). Validation of a translated children perceived exertion rating scale.  International Journal of Fitness, 4(2), 185.

Bower, G. G. (2008, May 28-31). Characteristics of mentoring women in leadership positions within sport: Results of a Meta-Ethnography, 1990-2007. Proceedings from the 2008 North American Society for Sport Management (NASSM 2008), Toronto, Ontario, 96, 26 [Abstract].

Bower, G. G. & Hums, M. A. (2008).  Mentoring young women for success as international physical educators.  ICHPER-SD Journal of Research, 3(2), 70-75.

Bower, G. G. (2008). Career paths and advice for women wanting to obtain a management position within the health and fitness industry.  Women in Sport and Physical activity Journal, 17(1), 29-37.

Bower, G. G. (2008). Developing effective mentoring relationships with women in the Health and Fitness Industry: Suggestions from the perspective of protégé.  Women in Sport and Physical Activity Journal, 17(1), 38-46.

Bower, G. G., McDowell, C., Chamness, V., Grace, D. & Nelson, V. (2008).  Be SMART and connect with the community: The development of a youth fitness and nutrition DVD.  Indiana Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation & Dance Journal, 37(2), 13.

Bower, G. G., Bennett, S., McCullough, J., Cagle, L., St. Clair, J., & Thompson, B. (2008).  Results of a collaborative CHD risk-factor screening and counseling program on a university campus.  Indiana Health, Physical Education, Recreation, & Dance Journal, 37(3), 12-16.

Bower, G. G. (2007).  Factors influencing the willingness to mentor first year faculty in Physical Education Departments.  Mentoring & Tutoring, 15(1), 73-85.

Bower, G. G. (2006).  Mentoring faculty toward connecting and collaborating within Physical Education Departments.  The ICHPERD-SD Journal of Research (The International Council for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance), XLII (2), 18-24.

Bower, G. G. & Davis-Brezette, J. (2006).  Examining the Importance of Health Risk Appraisals among university students participating in physical activity courses.  Indiana Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance Journal, 35(2), 17-26.

Bower, G. G., Hums, M. A., & Keedy, J. L. (2006).  Factors influencing the willingness to mentor females in leadership positions within campus recreation: A historical perspective.  [Electronic version] Advancing Women in Leadership Journal, 20, http://advancingwomen.com/awl/awl_wordpress/

Larson K., Bower, G. G., Kamla, J., & Davis-Brezette, J. (2006).  Assessing the perceived development of skill and knowledge, value, and interest in continued participation after required physical activity courses with college students.  Indiana Health, Physical Education, Recreation, & Dance, 35(3), 31-35.

Bower, G. G., Hums, M.A. & Keedy, J. L. (2005).  Factors influencing the willingness to mentor students within campus recreation.  Recreational Sports Journal, 29(1), 59-77.

Bower, G. G. & Enzler, D. F. (2005).  Protecting students and faculty from environmental tobacco smoke (ETS): An assessment and rationale for college policies prohibiting smoking in public areas and student residences.  Health Education, 104(4), 259-272.

Leung, R., Davis-Brezette, J., Bower, G. G., Enzler, D., Huang, G., Kamla, J., Larson, K., & Marcum, P. (2005).  Fitness assessment of physical education and exercise science students: The University of Southern Indiana experience.  Indiana Health, Physical Education, Recreation, & Dance Journal, 34, 12-15.

Bower, G. G. & Hums, M. A. (2003).  Women working in the administration of campus recreation. NIRSA Recreational Sports Journal, 27(2), 35.

Hums, M. A. & Bower, G. G. (2002).  Careers of female sport managers: Looking glass ceilings through glass walls.  Proceedings of the 17th Annual North American Society for Sport Management Conference.  NASSM abstracts, May 29-June 1, 2002, Canmore, Alberta, North American Society for Sport Management, 2002, 40-41 [Abstract].

Academic Presentations

Bower, G. G., & Grappendorf, H. (2014, May). Examining the mentoring relationship of women working in intercollegiate athletic administration. Presented at the North American Society of Sport Management (NASSM) Convention, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Bower, G. G., & Hums, M. A. (2014, April). Impact of Title IX on careers in intercollegiate athletic administration. Presented at the American Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance (AAHPERD) National Convention, St. Louis, MO, April -5, 2014.

Richards, K. A., Hopper, A., Bower, G. G., & Frimming, R. (2013, November). Finding money to supplement your advocacy project : Case studies of successful advocacy. To be presented at the Indiana Association of Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance Conference, Indianapolis, IN.

Itoh, M., Hums, M. A., Bower, G. G., & Moorman, A. M. (2013, May). Women’s leadership in Paralympic sports. Presented at the 2013 North American Society of Sport Management conference, Austin, TX.

Bower, G. G., & Hums, M. A. (2013, May).  Working in intercollegiate athletic administration: Their greatest challenges and career advice. Presented at the 2013. North American Society of Sport Management conference, Austin, TX. 

Bower, G. G., & Hums, M.A. (2013, April). Women working in the administration of intercollegiate athletics. Presented at the American Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance (AAHPERD-NAGWS) National Convention, Charlotte, NC.

Bernhard, M., Reed, L., Bakke, E., Bower, G.G., Priest, R., & Rowser, M. (2012, October). Distributed empowerment models for community revitalization. Presented at the National Outreach Scholarship Conference (NOSC), Tuscaloosa, AL.

Hambrick, M.E., Hums, M.A., Bower, G.G., & Wolff, E.A. (2012, May). Elite athlete attitudes toward technology and innovation in the sporting goods industry. Presented at the 2012 North American Society of Sport Management Conference, Seattle, Washington.  

Bower, G. G. (2012, April). Women as leaders in Physical Education and Sport Management. Academia. Presented at the American Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance (AAHPERD-NAGWS) National Convention, Boston, MA, March 13-17, 2012.

Bower, G. G. (2012, April). NAGWS Group Mentoring Initiatives. Presented at the American Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance (AAHPERD-NAGWS) National Convention, Boston, MA, March 13-17, 2012.

Bower, G. G. (2011, October). Psychosocial functions and outcomes. Advancing women within leadership positions within the health and fitness industry. Presented at the National Conference on Girls and Women in Sports and Physical Activity, Greensboro, NC, October 20-22.

Bower, G. G. (2011, June).  Examining women’s coaching desires: Perspectives from assistant women’s basketball division I coaches.  Presented at the National Association for Sport Management Association. Annual Conference of North American Society for Sport Management (NASSM), London, Canada.

Bower, G. G. & Bennett, S. (2011, April).  Examining mentoring relationships between head and assistant basketball coaches. Presented at theAmerican Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance (AAHPERD-NAGWS) National Convention, San Diego, CA.

Bower, G. G. & Bennett, S. (2011, April).  Benefits and barriers to mentoring: Perspectives from women’s basketball coaches.  Presented at the American Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance (AAHPERD-NAGWS) National Convention, San Diego, CA.

Frimming, R. E., Bower, G. G., Lampert, E., & Johnson, A. (2011, April). Experiential education: Making a difference in an after-school fitness and nutrition program. Presented at the Advancing Social Justice Through Service Learning Conference – University of Southern Indiana, Evansville, IN.

Frimming, R. E., & Bower, G. G. (2011, January). A creative and practical approach for preparing healthy snacks in an afterschool program. Paper presented at the Second Annual International Conference on Health Risk of Youth, Cancun, Mexico.

Simmons, S., Bower, G. G., & Frimming, R. (2010, May). The SMART program: Helping kids make smart choices.  Presented at the Kentucky Conference on the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, Lexington, Kentucky.

Frimming, R., Bower, G. G., & Simmons, S. (2010, October).  The SMART program: Students mentoring at-risk teens/tweens to make healthy decision.Presented at the American School Health Association’s 84th Annual School Health Conference.  Kansas City, Missouri.

Yiamouyiannis, A., Bower, G. G., Williams, J., Gentile, D., & Alderman, H. (2010, June).  Direct outcomes assessment of student learning and COSMA: Program initiatives, implementation strategies, and assessment tools.  Presented at the Annual Conference of North American Society for Sport Management (NASSM), Tampa, FL.

Bower, G. G. & Hums, M. A. (2010, April).  Mentoring women within international sport organizations.  Presented at the American Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance (AAHPERD-NAGWS) National Convention, Indianapolis, IN.

Bower, G. G., Grappendorf, H., Ladda, S., & Shields, S. (2009).  The National association for Girls and Women in Sport (NAGWS) of the United States: Continued advocacy toward equity for all.  Presented at the International Association for Physical Education and Sport for Girls and Women (IAPESGW) Congress, Stellenbosch, South Africa.

Bower, G. G. & Bennett, S. (2009, May).  Developing effective mentoring relationships: Increasing head coaching desires of female assistant basketball coaches.  Poster presented at the annual conference of the North American Society for Sport Management (NASSM), Columbia, SC.

Bower, G. G., Acosta, V., Carpenter, L., & O’Bryant, C. (2009, April).  Our past, present, and future: Women as leaders in sport.  Panel presented at the American Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance (AAHPERD-NAGWS) National Convention, Tampa, FL.

Bower, G. G., Grappendorf, H., DiBrezzo, R., Fort, I., Gray, M., Powers, M., Burton, L., Baker, A. (2009, April).  Women as mentors: the essential connection.  Panel presented at the American Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance (AAHPERD-NAGWS) National Convention, Tampa, FL.

Huang, G., Davis-Brezette, J., Marcum, P., Kamla, J., Bennett, S., & Bower, G. G. (2009, April).  Relationships of physical fitness and academic performance in college students.  Paper presented at the American Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance (AAHPERD-RC) National Convention, Tampa, FL.

Bower, G. G. (2009, January).  The past, present, and future of mentoring women to advance within Physical Education departments.  Paper presented at the National Association for Kinesiology and Physical Education in Higher Education (NAKPEHE) Conference, Sarasota, FL.

Bower, G. G. & Bennett, S. (2008, November).  Fighting childhood obesity: The development of a SMART youth fitness and nutrition intervention program.  Paper presented at the Indiana Association for Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance (IAHPERD) State Conference, Indianapolis, IN.

Bower, G. G. (2008, September).  Mentoring women within international sport.  Paper presented at the European Association for Sport Management Conference (EASM), Heidelberg, Germany.

Leung, R., Pak-Kwong, C. & Bower, G. G. (2008, July).  Comparative examination of body composition in individuals residing in China and the United States.  Paper presented at the International Society for Comparative Physical Education and Sport (ISCPES), Macau, China.

Bower, G. G. (2008, May).  Characteristics of mentoring women to leadership positions within sport: Results of a Meta-Ethnography, 1990-2007.  Poster session presented at the North American Society for Sport Management (NASSM), Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Bower, G. G. Hums, M. A., Pastore, D., & Lough, N. (2008, April).  Mentoring experiences from pioneering women: Guidelines for females in sport.  Paper presented at the American Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance (AAHPERD-NAGWS), Fort Worth, TX.

Grappendorf, H., Lilenthl, S., Bower, G. G., & Hums, M. (2008, April).  Finally…Some attention: Women as leaders in sport.  Panel presented at the American Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance (AAHPERD-NAGWS), Fort Worth, TX.

Bower, G. G., McDowell, C., Chamness, V., Grace, D., & Nelson, V. (2008, January).  Be SMART and connect: The development of a youth fitness and nutritional program.  Paper presented at the National Association for Kinesiology and Physical Education in Higher Education (NAKPEHE), Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Bower, G. G. (2007, November).  Developing effecting mentoring relationships: Strategies for women working in the health and fitness industry from the perspective of the protégé.  Poster session Indiana Association for Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance (IAHPERD) State Conference, Indianapolis, IN.

Bower, G. G. & Hums, M. A. (2007, March).  Mentoring female faculty within International physical education departments.  Paper presented at the American Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance (AAHPERD-NAGWS), Baltimore, Maryland.

Bower, G. G. & Hums, M. A. (2007, January).  International physical educators’ views on mentoring women: Discovering important skills for success.  Paper presented at the National Association for Kinesiology and Physical Education in Higher Education (NAKPEHE) conference, Clear Water, Florida.

Bower, G. G., Bennett, S., McCullough, J., Cagle, L., St. Clair, J., & Thompson, B. (2007, January).  Results of a student-led CHD risk factor screening and counseling program on a university campus.  Paper presented at the National Association for Kinesiology and Physical Education in Higher Education (NAKPEHE) conference, Clear Water, Florida.

Bower, G. G., McCullough, J., Cagle, L., Bennett S., St. Clair, J., Thompson, B., Leung, R., & Huang, G. (2006, November).  Examination of a university campus supporting a low-risk coronary heart disease lifestyle.  Paper presented at the Indiana Association for Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance (IAHPERD), Indianapolis, IN.

Bower, G. G. & Hums, M. A. (2006, April).  Mentoring women in leadership positions within sport management: A meta-ethnographic analysis.  Paper presented at the American Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance (AAHPERD-NAGWS), Salt Lake City, Utah.

Bower, G. G., Kamla, J, Larson, K., & Davis-Brezette, J. (2006, April). Skill development, course value, continued participation after required activity course completion.  Paper presented at the American Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance (AAHPERD-NAGWS), Salt Lake City, Utah.

Bower, G. G. & Hums, M. A. (2006, April).  A historical perspective of mentoring women in campus recreation.  Paper presented at the National Intramural Recreational Sports Association (NIRSA) Conference, Louisville, KY.

Bower, G. G. & Enzler, D. (2006, April).  Protecting students from environmental tobacco smoke (ETS): A university model.  Paper presented at the National Intramural Recreational Sports Association (NIRSA) Conference, Louisville, KY.

Bower, G. G. (2006, January).  Mentoring faculty towards connecting and collaborating within Physical Education and Kinesiology Departments.  Paper presented at the National Association for Kinesiology and Physical Education in Higher Education (NAKPEHE) Conference, San Diego, CA.

Bower, G. G. (2005, November).  Networking towards tomorrow: My Olympic experience.  Paper presented at the Indiana Association for Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance (IAHPERD), Indianapolis, IN.

Bower, G. G. & Leung, R. (2005, November).  Introduction to the FitnessGram: Its technology and application.  Paper presented at the Indiana Association for Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance (IAHPERD), Indianapolis, IN.

Hums, M. A. & Bower, G. G. (2005, August).  Strategies for success: Career advice from female sport managers.  Paper presented at the International Summit:  Effecting Social Change through Women’s Leadership in Sport, Atlanta, GA.

Bower, G. G., Dickey, N., Finch, J., Masden, L. Raff, R., & Rodgers, A. (2005, August).  Using Physical Best:  The FitnessGram component.  Paper presented at the Indiana-AHPERD Region 1 Workshop, Evansville, IN.

Bower, G. G. & Hums, M. A. (2005, April).  The impact of Title IX on the careers of female sport managers: a cross-industry perspective.  Paper presented at the AAHPERD Convention, Chicago, IL.

Enzler, D. & Bower, G. G. (2005, April).  Tobacco wars on campus:  What can we learn?  Paper presented at the National Intramural Recreational Sports Association (NIRSA) Conference, Orlando, FL.

Bower, G. G. & Hums, M. A. (2005, April).  Factors influencing the willingness to mentor students in campus recreation.  National Intramural Recreational Sports Association (NIRSA) Conference, Orlando, FL.

Grappendorf, H, Burton, L., Pitts, B., Ridinger, L., & Bower, G. G. (2004, May).  Building bridges towards the future: Net working and mentoring for female sport management/administration professors.  Panel presented at the Annual Conference of the North American Society for Sport Management, Atlanta, Georgia.

Bower, G. G. & Hums, M. A. (2004, May).  Factors influencing the willingness to mentor female campus recreation professionals.  Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the North American Society for Sport Management (NASSM), Atlanta, Georgia.

Hums, M. A. & Bower, G. G. (2002, May).  Comparison of women working in professional sport and women working in campus recreation administration.  Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the North American Society for Sport Management (NASSM), Canmore, Alberta, Canada.

Bower, G. G. & Hums, M. A. (2002, April).  Women working in the administration of campus recreation.  Paper presented at the annual conference of the National Intramural Recreational Sports Association (NIRSA), San Antonio, Texas.

Bower, G. G. & Hums, M. A. (2002, April).  What’s new in research?  Paper presented at the annual conference of the National Intramural Recreational Sports Association (NIRSA), San Antonio, Texas.

Bower, G. G. & Hesse, C. (2001, November).  Partner step workshop.  Workshop presented at the Indiana Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, & Dance (IAHPERD), Indianapolis, IN.

Bower, G. G. (1996, November). Resist-a-ball workshop.  Workshop presented at the Indiana Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, & Dance (IAHPERD), Evansville, IN.

 

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